The ability to organize information and digest it is essential for writing a synthesis essay. This ability is not only useful in college or high school but also works well in business and advertising. Scroll down to Step 1 and learn how to create a synthesis paper.
Understanding the concept of a synthèse essay. Synthesis essays are meant to help you make connections between different parts of a work or multiple works. To put it another way, synthesis essays are used to make connections between different parts of a topic. You can categorize the various types of synthesis essays as follows:
Argument synthesis is a type of essay that has a strong thesis statement. It presents the writer’s viewpoint. It organizes information obtained from research in an organized manner that supports the thesis’ viewpoint. These are often called position papers in business. This is the type synthesis essay that students will have to write for the AP test.
Review: This is often a review essay, which is usually written as a pre-essay to an argument synthesis. It discusses what has been written on a topic with a critical assessment synthesisessaytopics.com of the sources. Its implicit thesis is that more research must be done in this area or that the topic problem hasn’t been fully addressed. This type is often used in medicine and social science classes.
Explanatory/background synthesis: This type of essay helps readers understand a topic by categorizing facts and presenting them to further the reader’s understanding. It doesn’t advocate any one point of view and has no thesis statement. Although some white papers on business have this format, they are more likely than others to present a point or view if they are not too explicit.
You should choose a topic for a synthèse essay. You should choose a topic that is broad enough to pull together multiple related sources but not so broad that it brings together disparate sources. A little bit of research can help you choose a topic if you are given the option. You may have to choose a topic if you are writing a synthesis paper for a class.
Example of a broad topic that is narrowed into a reasonable topic for synthesis essays: Instead of the broad topic Social Media, you might discuss the effects of texting on the English Language.
It is important to understand and read all prompts when you are assigned a topic in class.
Take the time to carefully read and select your sources. If you’re taking the AP test, you will receive your sources. You should choose at least three sources to use in your essay. After you’ve read each of the sources carefully, you might be able to find one or two more. You should look for material that has a connection to your reason for writing your essay (or your argument).
Remember that it is better to know three sources well than five.
You can annotate each source by adding notes in the margins. This allows you keep track of your thoughts and helps you develop new ideas.
Make a thesis statement. Once you have finished reading the materials provided, or conducted your own research, you can form your opinion on your topic. Your thesis is your main idea in the essay. It should be a summary of the topic, and it should also state your opinion on the topic. It should be written as a single sentence. Depending on the essay’s length, the thesis statement could be the opening sentence or the final sentence of the paragraph. 
Example: The millennial generation created their own language through texting.
You can find supporting material in your source materials by going back through them. Take a look through your sources and identify key facts, quotes, statistics, or ideas that support your thesis. Note down what you find. These will be used throughout the essay.
You can take on an opponent’s claim and poke holes in their argument. To do this, you will need to find ideas and quotes that are contrary to your thesis statement and devise ways to disprove them. This is called a concession or refutation. If done well, it can be a powerful tool to strengthen your argument.
Example: The thesis statement above would be a great source of information. It would include quotes from linguists about the new words that have been created through “text-speak”, statistics that show how the English language has evolved with almost all generations, and facts that demonstrate students still have the ability and skills to write with grammar and spelling (which your opponents might point out as the main reason why texting has had such a negative impact on the English Language).
Your thesis structure should be outlined. You can draw a plan or make a formal outline. However, you must decide how to present the material to best effect. You should know what the graders are looking for when you prepare this paper for the AP exam. This is the structure:
- The introductory sentence acts as a hook and captivates the reader’s attention. 2. Identification of the issue that you will be discussing 3. Your thesis statement.
The body paragraphs are: 1. A topic sentence that supports your thesis. 2. Your explanation and opinion about the topic sentence. 3. Your sources can provide support for the claim that you just made. 4. Explanation on the source(s)’ significance.
The conclusion paragraph should be: 1. Your essay should include additional information about your topic, such as the reasons and evidence you have used. 2. For your paper, a thought-provoking or thoughtful end.
Your thesis can be presented in a more imaginative way. A more complicated structure is recommended if you aren’t writing the argumentative synthesis essay required for the AP test. To develop your essay, you can choose from any one of the following approaches:
Example/illustration. You may use it to provide major support for your viewpoint. If the paper calls for it, you can use more than one illustration or example. But, it is not a good idea to make your paper a collection of examples that distract from your thesis. Straw man. You present an argument against the thesis. Then, show the weaknesses and flaws in the counter-argument. This format shows you are open to the possibility of answering it. After your thesis, present the counter-argument. Next, provide evidence to disprove it. Then, end with a positive argument that supports the thesis. Concession. Concession. This structure can be used to present papers to readers with opposing views.
Comparison and contrast. This structure compares the similarities and contrasts between two subjects or sources in order to demonstrate the many facets of each. To write an essay using this structure, you must carefully study your source material to identify both the subtle and the major points of similarities and differences. This essay can present its arguments either source-by–source or as points of similarity/difference.
Prepare a framework that can be used for background or review synthesis essays. Most synthesis essays focus on supporting and stating a thesis. However, background or review essays examine the ideas found within the sources and not the author’s view. There are two main ways these synthesis essays can be organized:
Summary. This structure summarizes each of your sources to make a stronger argument for your thesis. This structure provides concrete evidence to support your viewpoint, but often omits your personal opinions. It is used most commonly for review and background essays.
List of reasons. This is a collection of sub-points which flow from the main idea of your paper. Each reason should be supported by evidence. The summary method should make reasons more important over time, with the most significant reason being the last.
Follow your outline when you write your first draft. You should be open to changing your plan if you come across new ideas or information from your source material that support your thesis. The AP test will require you to complete the synthesis in one draft. Take your time and write it as quickly as possible.
The introduction should contain your thesis, the body with evidence to support it, and the conclusion summarizing your view.
Third person. The third person is when you use the words “he,”‘she,” or “it” and complete sentences. Give enough information about the topic to prove your credibility. While active voice is preferred, passive voice is acceptable when you use the first (“I”) or the second (“you”) person.
Transitions between paragraphs can be used to ensure that the text flows logically. Transitions are an excellent way to show where your sources support each other: Pennington’s paper Cliffhanger Economics supports Hallstrom’s theory of price-fixing. Pennington also cites the following points in her paper:
Block quotes are better for long quotations of more than three lines.
Revise your essay. This is a time to strengthen arguments, and improve transitions between paragraphs. Try to keep your argument concise and simple to understand. It is a good idea to read your essay aloud. You are more likely to spot awkward sentences or inconsistent arguments.
Ask another person for proofreading. Two heads are better than one, the old saying. Ask a friend, colleague or colleague what they would change or add to the paper. Is your argument clear and coherent?
You should proofread your paper. Look over your paper carefully for spelling, grammar and punctuation errors. Are all proper nouns correctly spelled? Are there any fragments or run-on sentences? These errors can be corrected as you go.
You can read aloud the paper to ensure you don’t make mistakes when reading.
If possible, have a classmate or friend proofread your essay.
Cite your source material. Most papers will use footnotes to cite material within the essay. A bibliography of cited works is included at the end. Any paraphrased, quoted, or cited material should have footnotes. While you won’t be following a specific style when citing material for the AP test essay, you will need to indicate which source you used after you cite it.
Example of citing an AP synthesis essay
MLA format will be most common for college essays. Whatever format you choose, please use it consistently. You may be asked to use APA and Chicago styles.
Title your essay. Your essay’s title should reflect your thesis and supporting arguments. This will ensure that your title is appropriate for your essay.
Example title: English on the iPhone: Exploring the benefits of Text-Speak