Worm farming is a good technique to recycle your kitchen and food garbage. Worms will eat almost everything of your kitchen’s waste and convert them into quality fertilizers here . The output fertilizer created from your worm farm is great for garden soil and potted in addition to indoor plants. The fertilizer is great for a vegetable patch as well if you have one in your backyard.
For a small scale worm farming project, all you need is box with holes at the bottom to allow excess water to drain and bedding materials. Newspapers, leaves, and even cardboard are good materials to create layers of bedding in the box. The bedding should be a bit moist when placed inside the container. Don’t wet it too much just sprinkle with some water. Place your red or tiger worms within the container and follow it up with scraps of food from your kitchen. Just begin with a small amount of food and increase the amount as your farm grows bigger.
It would be best to know your worms when you’re starting your project. For worm farming, earthworms are not the best worms to use. Red, tiger, or compost worms are the most perfect for farming and creating castings for fertilizers. These types are more adaptive in living in enclosed containers and are good in digesting organic material which is what you’re intending to fed them, kitchen scraps.
Castings are not the only product of your farm. The water that comes out from the drain or holes of your container is a great liquid fertilizer as well. Some would customize their containers and place collecting basins underneath the holes to collect the fluid that passes through. Believe it or not, when worm castings and water residue are employed as fertilizers, flowers are inclined to bloom earlier. When employed in a vegetable patch, the produce are much better and some would attest that the vegetables themselves are tastier.
Worm casting is technically called vermicompost and the process of creating it is called vermicomposting. This is already an acknowledged field and the’re professionals in this area in addition to commercially available resources where you can buy materials like worm farm containers and supply of worms.
After several months, the worms should have made some suitable castings on the top layer. A good time to harvest the casting would when its nearly full. There are several techniques in harvesting the castings. One way would be to open the lid and expose the container to light. The worms are quite responsive to light and by allowing a significant amount of light to hit thee surface of the container, the worms will burrow deeper into the container. You can then scrape the castings after you notice that worms are no longer visible on the surface.
Other people place food on one side of the container and allow the worms to move into that area. After a small number of weeks, the worms will move into the region and then you can scraped off the castings left on the other side.
You worm farm should constitute a frequent diet of fruits and vegetables. Don’t feed them citrus fruits for this will make the container and castings acidic which is not good for the plants or for the farm. Egg shells, leaves, paper and shredded and soaked cardboards are good food for your worms. Adding dirt into the containers is a great idea as well provided that everything is worn out moderation.